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Chanting | Correct method of chanting | Origin of mantras | Effects of mantras | Ten Karmas of Mantra | Varieties of mantras | Kamasutra - Teachings on art of Love

Varieties of Mantra :
Mantras may be used for religious worship, for japa, for healing, to help spiritual evolution, for purification, for making offerings, and so forth. There is a difference between Vedic mantras and Tantric mantras. Tantra is called the fifth Veda and is supposed to be the Veda of our present age, the Kali Yuga. Some mantras are only chants or expressions of nearness to the Divine. But some saints who were inspired by divine love and unshakable faith used these chants as mantras or tools in their own spiritual practice, and their followers afterward started using those mantras, calling them mahamantra, or great mantras. An example of such a mantra well known in the West is a chant that was used by Shri Chaitanya and is now spreading rapidly through his devotees around the world:
HARE RAMA HARE RAMA RAMA RAMA HARE HARE
HARE KRSNA HARE KRSNA KRSNA KRSNA HARE HARE
Pronunciation, which is an important part of intonation, plays an essential role in the recitation of a mantra, apart from the melody. But pronunciation changes from country to country and place to place, as do melodies. Thus, it is primarily faith that creates the effect of mantra.
In addition to pronunciation and melody, the beat cycle in which mantra is chanted, whether silently or aloud, plays an important role. The beat cycle is the rhythmic pattern inherent in the melody, but it changes according to the state of consciousness of the one who is chanting. An increase in the speed of the chanting increases the speed of mind, heartbeat, and respiration. The beat cycle affects the emotions. A fast speed sometimes creates a continuous vibration, and if the chanting is done by a group, it creates a good effect, because the mind works in synchronization with the beat cycle and has no time to fantasize. Thus the minds of people who are very restless get absorbed in chanting and relax. Slowing the beat cycle also creates the same continuous vibration, but it slows down the speed of mind, heart, and breath. In brief, the difference between the two speeds is this:
    • Fast chanting exhausts the mind, heart, and breath, and relaxation comes after the chanting is over.
    • Slow chanting relaxes the mind, heart, and breath while the chanting is going on, but it is good only when the chanting is done individually.
A medium-speed beat cycle is good for group and individual chanting. It does not disturb the heartbeat or breathing pattern, and makes the mind more awake, alert, and conscious.
Chanting slowly induces a hypnagogic state. Sound creates akasha, which creates synipathetic overtones, and these overtones influence the total nervous system. More akasha is produced when sound echoes as if it were coming out of a hollow bamboo. The echoing quality of sound increases with the increase of akasha in sound.
The place from which the sound emanates influences its tonal quality. Although the sound cannot he produced without the vocal cords, they are not the place of origin of sound. Deep tones are produced by the vocal cords in conjunction with the abdominal region, middle tones in conjunction with the heart region, and high-pitched tones in conjunction with the upper region of the body. Indian classical music, which is based on the chants of early temple ceremonies, uses all three places in a gradual order. The chanters start with the abdominal region and go up to the upper region (the head), but the middle region (chest, heart, and throat) is used the most and produces a greater emo- tional impact on the listeners. Mantra chanting increases willpower, the power of concentration, and positive emotions - and these three create faith in a mantra, which is one of the forms of the deity. This faith leads to the magical effects of mantra.





Chanting | Correct method of chanting | Origin of mantras | Effects of mantras | Ten Karmas of Mantra | Varieties of mantras | Kamasutra - Teachings on art of Love